sábado, 3 de marzo de 2018

Viajes de Ibn Battuta

Viajes de Ibn Battuta

كتاب رحلة ابن بطوطة، المسماة، تحفة النظار في غرائب الأمصار وعجائب الأسفار

Tuhfat al-anzar fi gharaaib al-amsar wa ajaaib al-asfar (Rihla)
The Travels of Ibn Battuta  
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En árabe: wdl.org/en/7470/view (online)
o dl.wdl.org/7470.pdf  (download)

The Author (islamicencyclopedia.org):
The author Shams al-Din, Abu `Abdullah, Muhammad b. `Abdullah al-Tanji better known as Ibn Battuta, the first great globe-trotter in history, was born in a family of Berber origin in 703H (1304 CE). He grew up in Tanja, received education in Maliki curriculum and stayed in his home town till he was 22 years old. During this period, he read and heard about different countries and the people living there. This created in him an urge to travel and see the vast world around him. His first journey was for performing the pilgrimage, from where the lure of the unknown possessed him and he merged himself into distant horizons, only to reappear and then disappear again.

Leaving Tanja on 2 Rajab 725H (13 June 1325CE) he returned to his home country after 25 years by the end of Sha`ban 750H Still not satiated, he made two more journeys, one to Granada in the north and the other to Niger in the south. Chronological order of his journeys, clearly shows that Ibn Battuta made Makkah-Madinah the central destinations to which he would often return for pilgrimage.

The Book

On return to the home country, he came to the State capital of Fas (instead of Tanja where probably his parents had already died). The enlightened Sultan of Fas, impressed by Ibn Battuta’s narrations, deputed an able scholar Abu `Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Jaziyy to take dictations from him for which Ibn Battuta agreed more so because the two had already met in Granada. Ibn Jaziyy proved to be a good editor and carried out the assignment satisfactorily and recorded all the stories and reports faithfully without verification and further investigation. This Ibn Jaziyy himself asserts in the Introduction where he compliments Ibn Battuta for his maturity, insight and understanding as a reliable and truthful traveler (al-Shaykh, al-Faqih, al-Saleh al-Thiqah al-Saduq). Ibn Battuta had himself recorded the detailed account of what he saw and experienced. Especially, his notes on the later part of his journey from Malabar back home were safe with him and he took help from those notes when dictating to Ibn Jaziyy. However, he could not save the notes of the first parts of his travel when his boat was attacked by pirates in the Indian ocean. It has been observed that by the sheer vastness of his travels and immensity of the written account of them, Ibn Battuta imparted a new dimension to the genre of Rihla (travels) as being a description of the known world.

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